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Showing 5 posts in Property of the Estate.

Third Circuit Holds that Minimum Threshold under Section 547(c)(9) Requires Transfer-by-Transfer Analysis

Slobodian v. U.S. Internal Revenue Serv. (In re Net Pay Solutions, Inc.), No. 15-2833, 2016 WL 2731676 (3d. Cir. May 10, 2016)

In this precedential Opinion, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (the “Third Circuit”) addressed whether multiple transfers may be aggregated for purposes of meeting the statutory minimum under section 547(c)(9) of the Bankruptcy Code.  The Court affirmed the ruling of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania (the “District Court”) that they may not be aggregated where the transfers are for the benefit of different creditors on distinct debts. The Court also addressed whether employee withholding taxes paid to the IRS by a payroll management company on behalf of an employer are immune from avoidance as “trust fund” taxes under 28 U.S.C. §7501(a), and held that they are. Read More ›

Third Circuit Allows 363 Purchaser’s Funds to Bypass IRS and Satisfy Certain Administrative and General Unsecured Claims

In re ICL Holding Company, Inc., No. 14-2709, 2015 WL 5315604 (3d Cir. Sept. 14, 2015), aff’g sub nom United States v. LCI Holding Co., Inc., Nos. 13-924 (SLR), 13-1188 (SLR), 2014 WL 975145 (D. Del. March 10, 2014)

As discussed by the Delaware Bankruptcy Insider in March of last year, in ruling on a motion for stay the Delaware District Court determined that the Delaware Bankruptcy Court did not err when it approved a sale of substantially all of the assets of LCI Holding Company, Inc. and its affiliated debtors (the “Debtors”) and a settlement between the purchaser (the Debtors’ prepetition senior lender), the official committee of unsecured creditors, and the Debtors that (a) provided for the creation of an escrow from non-estate purchaser funds to, among other things, satisfy certain fees and expenses of professionals and certain expenses expected to be incurred by the Debtors in connection with their wind down and provide a distribution to allowed general unsecured claims and noteholder claims and (b) excluded the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) from those creditors entitled to share in the escrowed funds.  The IRS, which asserted an administrative claim for tax liability resulting from the sale, appealed the approval of the sale and settlement to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals asserting that the sale and settlement violated the absolute priority rule by favoring creditors with an equal or lesser priority under the Bankruptcy Code’s distribution scheme.    Read More ›

What Does It Mean to “Recover” Property (or the Value Thereof) for the Benefit of the Estate?

In re Allen, No. 13-3543, 2014 WL 4783085 (3d Cir. Sept. 26, 2014)

The Third Circuit was recently given the opportunity to explore what is required for “recovery” of property for the benefit of an estate under section 550 of the Bankruptcy Code.  Read More ›

Debtors’ Funds Purchased in Section 363 Sale Permitted to be Disbursed to Debtors' Administrative and Unsecured Creditors Over IRS Objections

United States v. LCI Holding Co., Inc., Nos. 13-924 (SLR), 13-1188 (SLR), 2014 WL 975145 (D. Del. March 10, 2014)

On March 10, 2014, Judge Sue L. Robinson of the District Court denied the request of the United States, on behalf of the Internal Revenue Service, to stay disbursement of funds placed into escrow by a purchaser of debtor-assets intended to satisfy some but not all administrative and unsecured claims asserted against the debtors.   Simply put, the sale was appropriate under section 363 of the Bankruptcy Code and the escrowed funds were not property of the debtors' estates. Read More ›

Personal Injury Claims Arising from Wrongful Acts of a Debtor, Asserted Against a Third Party Purchaser Under a State Law Successor Liability Theory, Held by Third Circuit to be Property of the Estate

Aaroma Holdings, LLC v. Diacetyl Plaintiffs (In re Emoral, Inc.), No. 13-1467, 2014 WL 259870 (3d Cir. Jan. 24, 2014)

On January 24, 2014, in a precedential Opinion, the Third Circuit determined that personal injury causes of action, arising from wrongful conduct of a debtor, asserted against a non-debtor third party pursuant to a “mere continuation” theory of successor liability under state law, are “generalized claims” belonging to a bankruptcy estate rather than personal claims belonging to individual creditors. Read More ›